cardio: Occurring within the presence of oxygen. Cardio reactions happen in places with entry to oxygen.
anaerobic: Occurring within the absence of oxygen. Anaerobic reactions happen in oxygen-free places.
ATP: Brief for adenosine triphosphate. Cells make this molecule to energy nearly all of their actions. Cells use oxygen and easy sugars to create this molecule, the principle supply of their power. The small buildings in cells that perform this energy-storing course of are referred to as mitochondria. Like a battery, ATP shops a little bit of usable power. As soon as the cell makes use of it up, mitochondria should recharge the cell by making extra ATP utilizing power harvested from the cell’s vitamins.
micro organism: (singular: bacterium) Single-celled organisms. These dwell almost in all places on Earth, from the underside of the ocean to inside different residing organisms (reminiscent of crops and animals). Micro organism are one of many three domains of life on Earth.
bond: (in chemistry) A semi-permanent attachment between atoms — or teams of atoms — in a molecule. It’s shaped by a sexy drive between the collaborating atoms. As soon as bonded, the atoms will work as a unit. To separate the part atoms, power have to be provided to the molecule as warmth or another sort of radiation.
carbon: The chemical factor having the atomic quantity 6. It’s the bodily foundation of all life on Earth. Carbon exists freely as graphite and diamond. It is a vital a part of coal, limestone and petroleum, and is able to self-bonding, chemically, to kind an infinite variety of chemically, biologically and commercially essential molecules. (in local weather research) The time period carbon typically can be used nearly interchangeably with carbon dioxide to connote the potential impacts that some motion, product, coverage or course of could have on long-term atmospheric warming.
carbon dioxide: (or CO2) A colorless, odorless fuel produced by all animals when the oxygen they inhale reacts with the carbon-rich meals that they’ve eaten. Carbon dioxide is also launched when natural matter burns (together with fossil fuels like oil or fuel). Carbon dioxide acts as a greenhouse fuel, trapping warmth in Earth’s environment. Crops convert carbon dioxide into oxygen throughout photosynthesis, the method they use to make their very own meals.
cell: The smallest structural and purposeful unit of an organism. Usually too small to see with the unaided eye, it consists of a watery fluid surrounded by a membrane or wall. Relying on their dimension, animals are manufactured from wherever from hundreds to trillions of cells. Most organisms, reminiscent of yeasts, molds, micro organism and a few algae, are composed of just one cell.
chemical: A substance shaped from two or extra atoms that unite (bond) in a set proportion and construction. For instance, water is a chemical made when two hydrogen atoms bond to at least one oxygen atom. Its chemical components is H2O. Chemical additionally will be an adjective to explain properties of supplies which are the results of numerous reactions between completely different compounds.
lactic acid: A chemical compound generally present in milk and in exercising muscle tissues.
molecule: An electrically impartial group of atoms that represents the smallest potential quantity of a chemical compound. Molecules will be manufactured from single varieties of atoms or of various varieties. For instance, the oxygen within the air is manufactured from two oxygen atoms (O2), however water is manufactured from two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom (H2O).
oxygen: A fuel that makes up about 21 p.c of Earth’s environment. All animals and lots of microorganisms want oxygen to gasoline their progress (and metabolism).
respiration: (in cells) The method by which organisms produce power from sugars, normally by taking in oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide. (in physiology) One full inhalation and exhalation cycle, which transfers oxygen from exterior the physique to inside cells, and the discharge of carbon dioxide from inside these cells to the surface world.
waste: Any supplies which are left over from organic or different programs that don’t have any worth, to allow them to be disposed of as trash or recycled for some new use.
whale: A typical, however pretty imprecise, time period for a category of enormous mammals that lives within the ocean. This group contains dolphins and porpoises.